Glass Ceiling Perception on Career Advancement: Women Lecturers, In Indonesia


  • Ratna Wijayanti Universitas Semarang
  • Eviatiwi Kusumaningtyas Sugiyanto Universitas Semarang
  • Yudhitiya Dyah Sukmadewi Universitas Semarang



glass ceiling; non-profit organization; woman career advancement


The majority of glass ceiling researches was focus only on profit organizations which become a research gap. Glass ceiling is very possible in non-profit organizations such as universities. The aim of the study was to analyse the perceived effect of glass ceiling perception on the career advancement of female lecturers. The populations in this study were 192 female lecturers and 132 samples were taken by using purposive sampling method. The analytical tool is SEM with the Smart-PLS. The results showed that Family factor has no effect on glass ceiling perception, while Individual factors have a significant positive effect on glass ceiling perception. Organizational factors have no effect on glass ceiling perception, Cultural factor has a significant positive effect on glass ceiling perception and Glass ceiling perception has a significant negative effect on woman career advancement

Author Biographies

Ratna Wijayanti, Universitas Semarang

Ratna Wijayanti, SE, MM is a lecturer in the department of Management, Economics Faculty, Universitas Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia. She obtained her master’s degree from Universitas Gadjah Mada and has management  as one of the interesting field. She has many publications and is presently workings on many more papers. Her other areas of specialization include marketing and strategic.

Yudhitiya Dyah Sukmadewi, Universitas Semarang

Yudhitiya Dyah Sukmadewi.,S.H.,M.H is a lecturer in the department of Management, Economics Faculty, Universitas Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia. She obtained her master’s degree from Universitas Diponegoro and  has a special interest in Business law


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How to Cite

Wijayanti, R., Sugiyanto, E. K., & Sukmadewi, Y. D. . (2021). Glass Ceiling Perception on Career Advancement: Women Lecturers, In Indonesia. International Journal of Management Excellence (ISSN: 2292-1648), 16(3), 2359–2366.